History Geography Polity Economy mains-syllabus prelims-syllabus
Areas of Focus in Polity:
Preamble
      • Features of preamble
      • 42nd Amendment
      • Swaran Singh committee
      Schedules
      • Basic idea about 12 schedules
Constitution of India
      • Basic idea about All articles
      • Historical Background
      • Drafting committee and making of the Constitution
      • Influence of other constitutions
      • Its salient features
      • Union and its Territory
      • Basic idea about Article 1-4
      • State reorganization and different Commissions
      • Federal nature
      • Recent issues
      • Citizenship
      • Basic idea about Article 5-11
      • PIO, NRI, OCI and Pravasi Bharathiya Divas
      • Privileges available for Indian citizens and foreigners
      • Citizenship Amendment Act 2016
      • New policies, schemes and recent changes in voting.
      • Fundamental Rights (FR)
      • Basic idea about Article 12-35
      • A thorough understanding about Articles 14- 30 and Art. 32
      • Rights and privileges available to citizens of India only and both to citizens and foreigners
      • 44th amendment act
      • Different types of Writs
      • Enforcement and Exceptional cases with regard to FR’s
      • RTE and recent issues related to FR
      • Fundamental Duties(FD)
      • Article 51A
      • Difference between FR and FD
      • Significance and Criticism
      • Enforcement of FD’s
      • Recent issues about FD
      • Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP)
      • Basic idea about Article and Article 36-51 and Article 368
      • Sources and key features of DPSP
      • Classification of DPSP
      • Comparison/ conflicts between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
      • Keshavananda Bharathi, Minerva Mills, Golaknath Case, Maneka Gandhi case.
      • Important Amendments- 42nd Amendment, 44th Amendment, and 97th amendment
      • Union
      • Basic idea about Article 52-73
      • Qualification and Election
      • Function and Powers- (Executive, Legislative, Financial, Judicial, Diplomatic, Military and Emergency Powers)
      • Resignation and impeachment
      • Role and responsibilities and relationship with Prime minister, Council of Minister, Cabinet ministers.
      • Prime minister and council of minister- Basic idea about Article 74-75
      • Powers and Functions
      • Council of ministers
      • Resignation and Removal
      • Attorney general
      • Parliament
      • Basic idea about Article related
      • Role and functions of the Parliament
      • Sessions, Motions, Parliamentary procedure – Summoning, Prorogation, Joint sitting
      • Parliamentary proceedings like Question Hour, Zero Hour, and Adjournment Motion etc.
      • Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha,
      • Special powers of Rajya Sabha
      • Anti defection law and 10th schedule
      • Parliamentary Privileges
      • Bill and law making procedure
      • Budget, funds and its summary
      • Parliamentary Committees
      • Judiciary
      • Basic idea about Article related to the judiciary.
      • Powers of Supreme court and high court
      • Qualification and appointment
      • Removal procedure
      • Recent controversy, verdicts, and constitutional provisions.
      • State Government- State Executive
      • Governor- appointment, removal and special powers.
      • Executive, Legislative, Financial, Judicial powers and discretionary of governor
      • 7th constitutional amendment
      • Chief minister and council of ministers
      • Power of chief minister
      • State Legislature
      • State legislature compared to the Parliament with regard to composition, powers, and functions.
      • Bicameral legislatures
      • Creation and abolition of the Legislative councils
      • Administration of Union Territories (UT)
      • Special provision for Delhi
      • Administration and jurisdiction in UT’s
      • Administration of Special Areas
      • Basic idea about 5thSchedule 6th Schedule
      • Recent issues related to Administration of Special Areas
      • Special provision for Jammu and Kashmir-Article 370
      • Difference between constitutional provisions related to Jammu and Kashmir
      • Emergency Provisions
      • National emergency- Article 352
      • President’s rule or State emergency- Article 356
      • Financial emergency- Article 360
      • 44th amendment act
      • Effects and implications of emergency
      • Role of President in emergency time
      • The State of FR, Lok sabha, and Rajya sabha
      • Revoking emergency
      • State- centre and interstate relations
      • Basic idea about Articles 262 and 263
      • Composition and functions of Interstate council and Zonal council
      • Inter-State trade and Commerce
      • Recent disputes between states, controversies etc
      • New policies or schemes which impact interstate relations
      • Panchayati raj and municipalities
      • Elections, auditing, powers and authority of panchayats
      • 3 tier structure
      • 73rd Amendment Act and 74th Amendment Act
      • Relation with FR and DPSP
      • Schemes introduced
      • Metropolitan planning committee and urban development
      • Reservation
      • Constitution Bodies
      • Election Commission
      • UPSC
      • SPSC
      • JPSC
      • Finance Commission
      • National Commission for SCs and ST’s,
      • Composition, Powers and functions, Removal of the Constitutional bodies
      • Non-Constitutional Bodies
      • Basic idea about Composition, Functions, Working of the Non-Constitutional bodies such as National Human Rights Commission, Central Information Commission, Central Vigilance Commission, Central Bureau of Investigation, State Human Rights Commission, State Information Commission etc
Tribunals
      • Basic idea about Article 323A and tribunals under Article 323B
      • Recent controversial issues related to tribunals
      • Different tribunals and importance
      • Special Provisions for SC’s, ST’s, Backward Classes, Minorities and Anglo-Indians
      • Privileges and right issued to SC’s, ST’s, Backward Classes, Minorities and Anglo-Indians
      • Issues related to vulnerable sections like women, child, SC’s, ST’s, Backward Classes, Minorities and Anglo-Indians
Current affairs
      • Recent issues related to above-mentioned categories
      • Important schemes, programs, missions, laws, and policies launched by the government.
      • Recent Government Bills and Governance- actions